The theoretical considerations, in definitive formulation, are the set of conceptual proposals that organize the theoretical framework of a thesis. However, in a first stage, the review of the theoretical literature, includes the consultation of all available sources that are related to the approach of the problem.
The theoretical phase begins after having correctly fulfilled the elaboration of the approach. In academic and scientific research, theoretical considerations serve to situate the phenomenon to be studied in a particular field of knowledge. In addition, they serve to substantiate the subject of study and the position of the researcher regarding the subject of their work.
Although the above is a general rule for the writing of all theses, this time we will concentrate on the quantitative degree works, that is, those that perform a numerical and statistical analysis of the data collected. Quantitative investigations are, by default, field investigations.
THE FUNCTION OF THE BACKGROUND
In the quantitative theses the background consists of a review of scientific papers that previously studied the research topic chosen by the student. In the case of a thesis with a quantitative approach, there must be a recent background, some universities and institutes require that the background be no more than 5 years old. This is due to the fact that scientific knowledge, the product of field research, is constantly updated due to technological innovations and discoveries at a technical and data analysis level.
At the time of writing the background, the following points should be highlighted:
Type of study, number of participants and their characteristics.
Mode of data collection.
Type of methodological design implemented and where it was used.
The background, on a personal level, is a contribution to the thesis because they serve to guide the investigation. Also, they work for the formulation of hypotheses and concepts. The background is a way to establish the importance and necessity of the study, since they reveal that there is no conclusive and conclusive research on the proposed topic.
STUDY OF THEORETICAL LITERATURE
In this second stage we proceed to the collection of bibliographic materials or any other type that are useful for the development of the problem to be studied. You must choose the most relevant and recent sources and be selective to take only the best of what you have found. It is possible to choose academic sources that have a different approach to the thesis to be developed. In any case, the important thing is that the materials selected for the work are directly related to the research problem.
Teachers or tutors are great allies to find the right consultation material. Many sources will be discarded to accommodate other more timely and complete ones. It is always more advisable to use direct sources that serve to support the work and not those that approach the work of a theoretician or author to analyze and summarize it.
In some cases, the search of information can be a slow or difficult process when it is not possible to find a central text for the investigation, to avoid this type of incidents, the student before beginning the thesis must evaluate the materials that he will need and the resources at your disposal.